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The History of Gold: How It Became the Most Coveted Metal in the World

Gold has been coveted by humans for thousands of years. Its beauty, rarity, and durability have made it a symbol of wealth, power, and status throughout history. In this article, we will explore the history of gold and how it became the most coveted metal in the world.

  • Ancient Civilizations

Gold has been used by ancient civilizations, including the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans, for jewelry, decoration, and currency. It was valued for its beauty and rarity, and its use as a currency helped to facilitate trade.

  • The Age of Discovery

During the Age of Discovery, gold became even more valuable due to the discovery of new sources of gold in the Americas. European powers, including Spain, Portugal, and England, sought to extract as much gold as possible from the New World, leading to an increase in gold mining and trade.

  • The Gold Standard

In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the gold standard was adopted by many countries, which tied their currencies to gold. This meant that the value of a country's currency was directly linked to the value of its gold reserves, providing a sense of stability and security in the global economy.

  • Modern Uses

In the modern era, gold has a wide range of uses beyond jewelry and currency. It is used in electronics, medicine, and aerospace, and is considered a safe-haven asset for investors seeking to protect their wealth.


Gold has been coveted by humans for thousands of years and has played a significant role in the history of civilization. Its beauty, rarity, and durability have made it a symbol of wealth and power, and its use as a currency has helped to facilitate trade and stabilize the global economy. Understanding the history of gold can help investors and consumers appreciate the value of this precious metal beyond its traditional uses in jewelry and currency.

Author: Pooyan Ghamari, Swiss Economist, Visionary, and Specialist in Gold and Precious Metals



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